Abattoir Blues/The Lyre of Orpheus is the thirteenth studio album by alternative rock band Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, released on 20 September 2004 on Mute Records. It is a double album with a total of seventeen songs-nine on Abattoir Blues and eight on The Lyre of Orpheus. The album was produced by Nick Launay at Studio Ferber in Paris in March-April 2004 and Nick Cave used The Bad Seeds line up of Mick Harvey, Thomas Wydler, Martyn Casey, Conway Savage, Jim Sclavunos, Warren Ellis, and James Johnston.
It was the first album by the group for which Blixa Bargeld did not perform - English guitarist and organist Johnston, of the group Gallon Drunk, replaced Bargeld. Cave decided to split drumming duties for the two parts, with Sclavunos on Abattoir Blues and Wydler on The Lyre of Orpheus. According to Launay, the whole album was completed in twelve days.